WORK - LIFE BALANCE AND ENGAGEMENT AS PARAMETERS ON MILLENNIAL TEACHERS’ WORK PERFORMANCE

Main Article Content

Juliana
Johan

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to analyze the effects of work – life balance and employee engagement on the millennial teachers’ work performance in Jakarta area. The data collection was being collected by having questionnaires sent to 100 millennial teachers who work in formal and informal educational institutions. This research used a quantitative method and SmartPLS 3.2.7 software was being used to evaluate the outer and inner model. The results indicate that there is a negative significant effect of work – life balance on the teachers’ work performance and there is no effect of employee engagement on work performance.

Article Details

How to Cite
Juliana, & Johan. (2020). WORK - LIFE BALANCE AND ENGAGEMENT AS PARAMETERS ON MILLENNIAL TEACHERS’ WORK PERFORMANCE. Dinasti International Journal of Management Science, 1(4), 514-527. https://doi.org/10.31933/dijms.v1i4.187
Section
Articles

References

Abdallah, A. B., Obeidat, B. Y., Aqqad, N. O., Al Janini, M. N. K., & Dahiyat, S. E. 2017.
“An Integrated Model of Job Involvement, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment: A Structural Analysis in Jordan’s Banking Sector. Journal Communications and Network. Vol. 9(1), pp: 28 – 53.
Abraham, S. 2012. “Job satisfaction as an antecedent to employee engagement”. SIES
Journal of Management. Vol. 8 (2), pp: 27 – 36.
Ahmad, S. (2013). Paradigms of quality of work life. Journal of Human Values, 19 (1), 73-82.
Alagaraja, M. and Shuck, B. 2015. “Exploring Organizational Alignment-Employee
Engagement Linkages and Impact on Individual Performance”. Human Resource Development Review. Vol. 14(1), pp. 17–37.
Anitha, J. 2014. “Determinants of employee engagement and their impact on employee
performance”. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management. Vol. 63 (3), pp: 308 – 323.
Anwar, Fahrul. 2017. Engagement Tenaga Kerja Millennial Indonesia Hanya 25%. [Online]
Available: https://youngster.id/featured/engagement-tenaga-kerja-milenial-indonesia-hanya-25/. [January 8, 2020].
Asima and Levi, Nilawati. 2016. “ Pengaruh Work Life Balance terhadap Kinerja Karyawan
yang Dimediasi oleh Komitmen Afektif”. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Universitas Ahmad Dahlan. ISSN: 1411-6022.
Astuti, Putih Luluh Ni, Mimba, Harta Putu Sri dan Ratnadi, Dwi Made Ni. 2016. “Pengaruh Work
Engagement pada Kinerja Bendahara Pengeluaran dengan Kepemimpinan Transformasional sebagai Pemoderasi”. E-Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana. Vol. 5 (12), pp: 4057 – 4082.
Au, W. C., & Ahmed, P. K. 2014. "Sustainable people management through work-life
balance: a study of the Malaysian Chinese context". Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration. Vol. 6(3), pp: 262 – 280.
Audrey, C.V., & Patrice, R. 2012. “Adaptive performance: A new scale to measure
individual performance in organizations”. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences. Vol. 29 (2), pp: 280 – 293.
Azizah, Azmi and Gustomo, Arik. 2015. “The Influence of Employee Engagement to
Employee Performance at PT. Telkom, Bandung”. Journal of Business and Management. Vol. 4 (7), pp: 817 – 829.
Badan Pusat Statistik. 2016. Indonesia Masuk Era Bonus Demografi. [Online] Available:
https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2016/09/06/indonesia-masuk-era-bonus-demografi-puncaknya-terjadi-pada-2025-2030 [December 18, 2019].
Benito-Osario, D., Muñoz-Aguado, L., & Villar, C. 2015. “The Impact of Family and Work-
Life Balance Policies on the Performance of Spanish Listed Companies”. Journal of Management. Vol. 17, pp: 214-236.
Bhatnagar, J. 2014. “Mediator analysis in the management of innovation in Indian
knowledge workers: the role of perceived supervisor support, psychological contract, reward and recognition and turnover intention”. The International Journal of Human Resource Management. Vol. 25 (10), pp: 1395 – 1416.
Burhanudin, Dewi Trisna, Sjahruddin Herman, Mus Mansyur Abd. 2018. “Pengaruh Konflik
Peran Ganda Terhadap Kinerja Melalui Stres Kerja”. Jurnal Organisasi dan Manajemen. Vol. 1(1).
Butts, M. M., Casper, W. J., & Yang, T. S. 2013. “How important are work-family support
policies? A meta-analytic investigation of their effects on employee outcomes”. Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 98 (1), pp: 1 – 25.
Cappelli. 2014. “Understanding Employee Commitment in the public organizations: A study
of the juvenile Detention centre”. International Journal of Public Administration. Vol. 18 (4), pp: 126 – 129.
Casper, W. J., Harris, C. M., Taylor-Bianco, A., & Wayne, J. H. 2011. “Work - family
conflict, perceived supervisor support and organizational commitment among Brazilian professionals”. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Vol. 79, pp: 640-652.
Chan, G. 2015. “Part-Time Event Management Employee Expected Quality of Work Life”.
International Journal of Business and Management. Vol. 10 (5), pp: 233 – 243.
Colquitt, Jason A., Jeffery A. LePine, and Michael J. Wesson. 2015. Organizational Behavior:
Improving Performance and Commitment in the Workplace. McGraw – Hill: New York.
Deivasigamani, J. & Shankar, G. 2014. “A study on work-life balance of employees in
information technology (IT) sector at Chennai”. International Journal of Management Research and Review. Vol. 4 (4), pp: 805 – 810.
Fransiskus, Aprilian. 2013. “Employee Engagement dengan Perilaku Produktif Karyawan”.
Jurnal Psikologi Industri dan Organisasi. Vol. 2 (1).
Freddy Arifin, Eka Afnan Troena, Djumahir, Mintarti Rahayu. 2014. “The Influence of
Organizational Culture, Leadership, And Personal Characteristics towards Work Engagement and Its Impacts on Teacher’s Performance (A Study on Accredited High Schools in Jakarta)”. International Journal of Business and Management Invention. Vol. 3 (1), pp: 20 – 29.
French, Katie. 2018. Millennials Prioritizing Work Life Balance Over Job Security, Study
Finds. [Online] Available: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/11/19/millennials-prioritising-work-life-balance-job-security-applying/ [January 9, 2020].
Ghozali, H. Imam and Hengky Latan. 2015. Partial Least Squares: Konsep, Teknik dan Aplikasi Menggunakan Program Smart PLS 3.0 untuk Penelitian Empiris. Badan Penerbit - Undip: Semarang.
Haar, J. M., Russo, M., Suñe, A. & Ollier Malaterre, A. 2014. “Outcomes of Work – life
Balance on Job Satisfaction, Life Satisfaction and Mental Health: A Study across Seven Cultures”. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Vol. 85 (3), pp: 363 – 373.
Hair Jr., J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J. and Anderson, R.E. 2009. Multivariate Data Analysis.
7th Edition. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River: New Jersey.
Handoyo W.A. and Setiawan, R. 2017. “Pengaruh Employee Engagement Terhadap Kinerja
Karyawan Pada PT. Tirta Rejeki Dewata”. Jurnal Agora. Vol. 5 (1).
Helmle, J. R., Botero, I. C., & Seibold, D. R. 2014. “Factors that influence perceptions of
work - life balance in owners of firms". Journal of Family Business Management. Vol. 4 (2), pp: 110 – 132.
Hye Kyoung Kim. 2014. “Work-Life Balance and Employees’ Performance: The Mediating
Role of Affective Commitment”. Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal. Vol. 6 (1).
Ischevell, Vialara Saina, Riane and Johnly, W. Rumawa. 2016. “Pengaruh Work - Life Balance dan
Kompensasi terhadap Kinerja Karyawan pada PT. PLN Wilayah Sulutenggo, Manado”. Jurnal Administrasi Bisnis. Vol. 4 (3).
Jenkins, Ryan. 2018. This is Why Millennials Care So Much about Work Life Balance.
[Online] Available: https://www.inc.com/ryan-jenkins/this-is-what-millennials-value-most-in-a-job-why.html. [December 28, 2019].
Jobstreet.co.id. 2014. 73% Karyawan Tidak Puas dengan Pekerjaan Mereka. [Online]
Available: https://www.jobstreet.co.id/career-resources/73-karyawan-tidak-puas-dengan-pekerjaan-mereka/#.XiRpZsgzbIU [November 29, 2019].
Johari, J., Yean Tan, F., & Tjik Zulkarnain, Z. I. 2018. “Autonomy, workload, work –
life balance and job performance among teachers”. International Journal of Educational Management. Vol. 32 (1), pp: 107 – 120.
Joo, B. K., and Lee, I. 2017. “Workplace happiness: work engagement, career satisfaction,
and subjective well – being”. A Global Forum for Empirical Scholarship. Vol. 5 (2), pp: 206-221.
Jose, G., & Mampilly, S. R. 2012. “Satisfaction with HR practices and employee
engagement: A social exchange perspective”. Journal of Economic and Behavioral Studies. Vol. 4 (7), pp: 423 – 430.
Joushan, Shindie Aulia., Syamsun, Muhammad., and Kartika, Lindawati. 2015. “Pengaruh
Budaya Organisasi dan Employee Engagement Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan pada PT PLN (Persero) Area Bekasi”. Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen. Vol. 13 (4).
Juniman, Trimeni Puput. 2018. Studi: Millennial Lebih Stres di Kantor Dibanding Usia Lain.
[Online] Available: https://www.cnnindonesia.com/gaya-hidup/20180604114519-282-303202/studi-milenial-lebih-stres-di-kantor-dibanding-usia-lain [January 9, 2020].
Kahn, W.A. 1990. “Psychological conditions of personal engagement and disengagement at
work”. Academy of Management Journal. Vol. 33, pp: 692 – 724.
Kemenkes RI. 2018. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2018. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan
Kesehatan: Jakarta.
Kishino, S. and Hirano. 2016. The Effect of Supervisors Transformational Leader on
Subordinates Psychological Empowerment and Work-Life Balance. Unpublished, Dissertation. Japan: Kobe University.
Koopmans, L., Berhnaards, C.M., Hildebrandt, V.H., Vet, H.C.W., & Berk, A.J. (2014). Construct validity of the individual
work performance questionnaire. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 56(3), 154–171.
Koopmans, L., Berhnaards, C.M., Hildebrandt, V.H., Vet, H.C.W., & Berk, A.J. 2014.
“Construct validity of the individual work performance questionnaire”. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Vol. 56 (3), pp: 154 – 171.
Kourdi, Jeremy. 2009. 100 Great Business ldeas. Marshall Carvendish lnternational:
Singapore.
Kumara, J., & Fasana, S. F. 2018. “Work - life conflict and its impact on turnover intention of
employees: The mediation role of job satisfaction”. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. Vol. 8 (4),, pp: 478 – 484.
Lewiuci G. P. and Mustamu, H.R. 2016. “Pengaruh Employee Engagement Terhadap
Kinerja Karyawan Pada Perusahaan Keluarga Produsen Senapan Angin”. Jurnal AGORA. Vol. 4 (2), pp: 101 – 107.
Macey, W. H. and Schneider, B. 2008. “The meaning of employee engagement”. Industrial
and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice. Vol. 1 (1), pp: 1 – 30.
Maylett, Tracy & Paul Warner. 2014. MAGIC: Five Keys to Unlock the Power of Employee
Engagement. Decision Wise, Inc.: Texas.
Moody, Bill. 2017. Study Finds Employee Engagement Critical to Fixing the Financial
Industry. [Online] Available: https://www.businesswire.com/ news/home/ 20170515005127/ en/Study-Finds-Employee-Engagement-Critical-Fixing-Financial [January 8, 2020].
Musgrove, C., Ellinger, A. E., and Ellinger, A.D. 2014. “Examining the influence of strategic profit
emphasis on employee engagement and service climate”. Journal of Workplace Learning. Vol. 26, pp: 152 – 171.
Nurwahyuni, Siti. 2019. “Pengaruh Beban Kerja terhadap Kinerja Karyawan melalui Work - Life
Balance (Studi Kasus PT. Telkom Indonesia Regional V”. Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen Universitas Negeri Surabaya. Vol. 7 (1).
Pandey, D. B. and Jha, B. K. 2015. “Review and Redefine: Quality of Work Life for Higher
Education”. Global Journal of Management And Business Research. Vol. 14 (11), pp: 34 -41.
Pedersen, V. B. and Lewis, S. 2012. “Flexible friends? Flexible working time arrangements,
blurred work–life boundaries and friendship”. SAGE Journal Work, Employment and Society. Vol. 26 (3), pp: 464 – 480.
Putra, Manggala Yudha. 2020. Sensus Penduduk 2020, Sensus Era Digital. [Online]
Available: https://republika.co.id/berita/q3qglj284/sensus-penduduk-2020-sensus-era-digital [January 18, 2020].
Ramadhan dan Sembiring, Jafar. 2014. “Pengaruh Employee Engagement terhadap Kinerja
Karyawan di Human Capital Center PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia, Tbk”. Jurnal Manajemen Indonesia. Vol. 14 (1).
Riset Kesehatan Dasar Depkes RI. 2018. Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2018. Badan
Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Republik Indonesia: Jakarta.
Robbins, P. Stephen dan Mary Coulter. 2010. Manajemen. Erlangga:Jakarta.
Rochim, Sidik. 2019. “Pengaruh Kemampuan, Work – Life Balance, Kepuasan Kerja
terhadap Kinerja pada Karyawan BMT Permata Jawa Timur”. Yos Soedarso Economics Journal. Vol. 1 (1). ISSN 2684-9720 20.
Romahdona, Rizki Jimmi and Palupiningdyah. 2015. “Pengaruh Work – Life Balance pada
In - Role Performance dengan Affective Commitment sebagai Variabel Mediasi”. Management Analysis Journal. Vol. 4 (1).
Sat. 2012. Indonesians concerned about work-life balance: Survey, The Jakarta Post.
[Online] Available: http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2012/10/31/indonesians-concernedabout-work-life-balance-survey.html [December 28, 2019].
Schepers, J.M. (2011). The construction and evaluation of a generic work performance questionnaire for use with
administrative and operational staff. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 34(1), 10–22
Schepers, J.M. (2011). The construction and evaluation of a generic work performance questionnaire for use with
administrative and operational staff. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 34(1), 10–22
Schepers, J.M. 2011. “The construction and evaluation of a generic work performance questionnaire
for use with administrative and operational staff”. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology. Vol. 34 (1), pp: 10 -22.
Shaffer, M. A., Sebastian Reiche, B., Dimitrova, M., Lazarova, M., Chen, S., Westman, M.,
& Wurtz, O. 2016. “Work and family role adjustment of different types of global professionals: Scale development and validation”. Journal of International Business Studies. Vol. 47 (2), pp: 113 – 139.
Shimazu A, Schaufeli WB, Kubota K, Watanabe K and Kawakami, N. 2018. “Is too much
work engagement detrimental? Linear or curvilinear effects on mental health and job performance”. Journal PloS ONE. Vol. 13 (12).
Siswono D. 2016. “Pengaruh Employee Engagement Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan di Rodex
Travel Surabaya”. Jurnal Agora. Vol. 2 (4), pp: 374 – 380.
Sugiyono. 2016. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan Kombinasi (Mixed Methods), 8th ed. Alfabeta: Bandung.
Thevanes, N and Mangaleswaran. 2018. “Relationship between Work - Life Balance and Job
Performance of Employees”. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM). Vol. 12 (5), pp: 11 – 16.
Torrente, P., Salanova, M., Llorens, S., & Schaufeli, W.B. 2012. “Teams make it work:
How team work engagement mediates between social resources and performance in teams”. Psicotema. Vol. 24, pp: 106 – 112.
Tsai, Y.-H.et al., 2016. “Work hours and turnover intention among hospital physicians in
Taiwan: does income matter?”. BMC Health Services Research. Vol. 16 (1), pp: 1 – 8.
Veronika Koubova and Aaron A. Buchko. 2013. Life-work balance Emotional intelligence as
a crucial component of achieving both personal life and work performance. Unpublished. Illinois: Department of Business Management and Administration, Foster College of Business, Bradley University.
Warren, T. 2015. “Work–life balance/imbalance: the dominance of the middle class and the
neglect of the working class”. British Journal of Sociology. Vol. 66 (4), pp: 691 – 717.
Yudi, Muliawan, Badia, Perizade & Afriyadi, Cahyadi. 2017. “Pengaruh Keterikatan
Karyawan (Employee Engagement) terhadap Kinerja Karyawan di PT. Badja Baru Palembang”. Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis Dan Terapan. Vol. 15 (2).
Zhang, M., Griffeth, R. W and Fried, D. D. 2012. “Work - family conflict and
individual consequences”. Journal of Managerial Psychology. [Online] Available: https://doi.org/10.1108/02683941211259520 [January 8, 2020].
Zheng, C., Molineux, J., Mirshekary, S. and Scarparo, S., 2015. “Developing individual and
organisational work - life balance strategies to improve employee health and well – being”. Journal of Employee Relations. Vol. 37 (3), pp: 354 – 379.